This article is about using games in English lessons. In this article it is spoken about types of games and it’s using at the English lessons.
Keywords: grammar, lexical, phonetic, spelling, pronunciation, educational games
Эта статья об использовании игр на уроках английского. В этой статье рассказывается о типах игр и их использовании на уроках английского языка.
Ключевые слова: грамматика, лексика, фонетика, орфография, произношение, развивающие игры.
Teaching foreign languages is a very exciting and very responsible lesson. New time demands from teachers a new approach to this problem. A significant role in teaching foreign languages, in particular English, belongs to the use of training games or game exercises. The game sharpens the mental activity of students; it is in the game that children learn social functions and norms of behavior; comprehensively develop. The developing value of the game lies in its very nature, for the game is always emotions. Where the emotion is there is activity, there is attention and imagination, thinking their works.
According to the purpose of using the game can be entertaining, which are held to relieve fatigue; training, conducted in order to form, deepen and improve practical skills and abilities in language, their testing. You can use different visibility, for example: diagrams, pictures, tables, slides, lotto. Games can be organized individual, pair, group. The power of the game is in its universality, universality, ability to easily and fruitfully, freely achieve significant results in the formation of the personal qualities of the child.
Younger schoolchildren are happy to learn tongue twisters, invent various situations using dialogic and monologue speech, play games such as: “Are you attentive?”, “Playing the ball”, “Find the object”, “Guess the name”, “Story by drawing ”,“ Who is more? ”,“ Cubes ”,“ Picture ”, etc.
Pupils of the fifth — sixth grades prefer games — competitions. The lessons increase interest in new material, there is an incentive to do homework, because only deep knowledge gives students the opportunity to prove themselves, to win an opponent.
High school students gladly participate in discussions on the proposed topics, express their opinions on watched films and performances, compose and solve crossword puzzles.
Games for learning English, used in the lesson, can be divided into the following:
Phonetic games: Goals:
– train students in the pronunciation of English sounds;
– teach students to read poems loudly and clearly;
– to learn poems in order to play them by roles.
Spelling games: Goals:
– practice writing English words.
– some games are designed for memory training, others are based on certain patterns in the spelling of English words can be used when checking homework.
Grammar Games: Goals:
– teach students to use speech patterns that contain certain grammatical difficulties;
– create a natural situation for the use of this speech sample;
– develop students' speech creative activity.
Basically, educational games are not purely lexical or purely grammatical. Lexical games can become grammar, spelling, etc. No matter what direction the games have, they reflect the perception of the world by children: curiosity, love for animals, fairy tales and characters, competitions, riddles.
Speech games are also important in the process of learning foreign languages. They allow you to organize a targeted speech practice of students in a foreign language, training and activating in its framework the skills and abilities of monologue and dialogical speech, various types of interaction between communication partners.
Activity 1. Lexical games: 1) How many pages?
The teacher always has many beautiful books on the table. One day he asks children, showing one of the books: — How many pages are in this book?
Children try to guess: — There are...
Activity 2. Champion Game
In the English class, teachers boldly use both preparatory and creative games, which lead to the development of speech skills and abilities, make it possible to express themselves in solving certain language problems and speeds up the speech skills that are so necessary in oral speech.
Activity 3) Hide — and — Seek in the Picture. Need a big picture of the room. Leading (one of the students) “hides” somewhere in the picture, writes on paper, where he hid and gives it to the teacher. Children, asking the driver general questions, “look for” him in the picture.
What games can I use in English classes? Depending on the topic, games can be entered from the very beginning of learning a language. For example, in the study of vowel sounds, you can play the game “I hear — I do not hear.” The teacher calls the words containing long or short vowel sounds, and the students raise their hands during the game (the right is a long sound, the left one is short). If you divide students into teams in advance, there will be an additional incentive to win.
Thus, a learning game is such an activity of students in a lesson, during which learning tasks are solved in a playful way. The game arouses the interest and activity of children and gives them the opportunity to express themselves in activities that are fascinating to them, contributes to a more rapid and lasting memorization of foreign words and sentences.
- Hadfield, Jill (1990). Intermediate Communication Games. England: Longman.
- Rixon, Shelagh (1981). How to use Games in Language Teaching. London: The Macmillan Press Ltd.
- Steve Sugar (1998). Games That Teach. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Pfeiffer.